A non-disclosure agreement (NDA) is basically a legal contract that binds the provider and recipient both in a confidential material, knowledge or information. It needs to understand that such kind of contracts can’t be disclosed as it is highly a confidential information covered under the agreement.
NDAs are highly common in almost every corporate settings where deep sensitive information must essentially be disclosed in the course of business, but at the same moment, the privacy of such disclosed information is essential.
There are basically two types of NDAs: unilateral and bilateral. A unilateral NDA is a little bit a different kind of an agreement in where one party agrees not to disclose all those certain information of another in any situation. This is the most common form of NDA of the two.
On the other hand, a bilateral NDA is an agreement where both parties agree for not sharing the other’s information in any case without any prior permission. A bilateral NDA is entering into whenever there is a trade, rather than a one-way revelation, of a top secret between the parties. Two businesses that are entering into a joint venture may require the other party to keep their company’s insightful information sternly confidential.
The basic and primary function of NDAs is to guard responsive information, which is not generally known to the common public. An example is the trade secret, which companies must take steps to protect.
It is clear that there is no such kind of restriction to the type of information, which can be protected under an NDA; it is up to the parties to decide exactly what confidential information should be covered under an NDA.
Some examples of information protected under NDA:
NDAs generally contain the following essential terms:
Definitions of confidential information, which needs to be cover under the NDA, at the same time, there should be some exclusions of certain information from protection set out the extent of the NDA. Both the parties have to spell out, in considerable detail, the categories, or types of information, which are or are not required to cover by the NDA.
Typically, exclusions apply to: